Health Care Research Methods:
Design and Analysis
Compiled by Dr. A. David Mangelsdorff. Copyright ©1998-2012, A. David Mangelsdorff.
All Rights Reserved.
Information in this document may be reproduced for educational purposes only.
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This course covers basic and advance concepts, techniques, and technologies used in
the scientific inquiry of applied clinical, administrative, and managerial research.
Topics to be investigated include measurement theory and the scientific method, the research
process, experimental design, hypothesis construction and testing, critical evaluation of
health care research, questionnaire construction, rating scales, sampling, indices of validity
and reliability, data collection, coding, and reduction, computer analysis, and
interpretation of statistical results. Presentation of research findings, table construction,
report writing, and briefing of results are covered.
- To gain an appreciation of planning, conducting, interpreting, and evaluating
theoretical and applied health care research.
- To discuss data sources, ethics, and scientific responsibility.
- To gain an appreciation of various experimental design procedures and analytic
- To assess psychometrics (reliability and validity) of instruments.
- To critically review research publications.
- To conduct a research project, summarize the findings, and present the results at
a scientific conference.
Cooper, D.R. and Schindler, P.S. (2002).
Business Research Methods (8th Edition). Irwin/McGraw Hill.
Cohen, J., Cohen, P., West, S.G., & Aiken, L.S. (2003).
Applied Multiple Regression/Correlation Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences (3rd Edition).
Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc. [optional]
Kerlinger, F.N. (1986). Foundations of Behavioral Research (3rd Edition).
New York: Holt. [optional]
A.D., & Finstuen, K. (2003). Patient satisfaction in military medicine: Status and
an empirical test of a model. Military Medicine, 168(9), 744-49.
A.D., Finstuen, K., Larsen, S.D., & Weinberg, E.J. (2005). Patient satisfaction in military medicine: Model refinement and assessment of Department of Defense effects.
Military Medicine, 170(4), 309-14.
Publication Manual American Psychological Association (6th Edition).
Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. (2010).
Stevens, J. (1995).
Applied Multivariate Statistics for the Social Sciences
(3rd Edition). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. [optional]
Trochim, W. M. (2006). The Research Methods Knowledge Base, 2nd Edition.
U.S. Army-Baylor University Graduate Program in Health Administration Residency Manual.
APA Style Resources
Electronic references in APA style 5th Edition
Web references in APA style
Research Methods & Statistics Links
Social Research Methods Knowledge Base (W. Trochim)
UCLA What Statistical Analysis Should I Use?
BMJ: Statistics at Square One
Library of Congress: Internet Search Engines
Congressional Budget Office
Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS)
UCLA Academic Technology Services SPSS Resources
Central Michigan Univ. SPSS(PASW) Training Workshop
Statnotes: Multivariate Analysis (G.D. Garson)
Research Methods Process
Research Methods Knowledge Data Base
Simple Interactive Statistical Analysis
Healthcare Administration Resources
Patient Administration Systems & Biostatistics Agency (PASBA)
Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC) Scientific and Technical Information Network
Baylor Remote BearCat
Government Printing Office
Yahoo! People Search
Quantitative and Qualitative Research
Case Study Method
Formulating the Question/Research Process
Research Methods Base
Levels of Measurement
Dependent and Independent Variables
Purpose of Study
Multitrait Multimethod Matrix
Data Mining Tools
Osgood's Semantic Differential
Choosing the Statistical Test
Non Parametric Statistics
Precision of Estimate
Template for Evaluating Research
a. Conditions which prompted the study
b. Statement of the Problem or Question
c. Literature Review should:
... provide details relevant to specific hypotheses
... define dependent variable(s)
... clarify range of variables for consideration
... list designs and analyses previously used
... provide range of findings and alternatives found for particular designs
... provide meta-analyses and reviews of topic
... provide current articles and the major works on a topic
d. Purpose (Variables/Working Hypothesis)
e. Type study: quantitative or qualitative
f. Model used (how supported by literature)
Method and Procedures
... criteria for inclusion and/or exclusion of subjects
... population, sample size, confidence levels
... control groups
... how will analysis for each hypothesis be conducted?
c. Definition of variables
... criteria for inclusion and/or exclusion of subjects
... dependent variable: how specifically measured
... (if cost is a concern, how is it quantified?)
... independent variable(s): how measured
... how are missing values handled?
... general considerations might include "how do gender, age, educational
...... health or disease stage, or experience affect the hypotheses?"
... if surveys used, how are scale end points labeled?
... is the analysis appropriate to the hypothesis?
... were appropriate statistics used?
... are the tables and figures clearly labeled (they should stand alone)?
e. Schedule/procedures/time considerations
f. Psychometrics (reliability and validity)
g. Ethical considerations (informed consent)
Findings and Discussion
... what are specific findings?
... what were response rates?
... how representative is the sample?
... how were missing values and non-responders treated?
... how much variance is accounted for by the variables?
... is there a finding for each hypothesis?
... discussion should tie together the hypothesis, findings, and literature
...... relevant to the specific hypothesis
... discussions should clarify and suggest directions for future research
... one conclusion for each hypothesis
SPSS Research Guide
If you have comments, questions, or need further information, please contact me.
A. David Mangelsdorff, Ph.D., M.P.H.
Army-Baylor Graduate Program in Health & Business Admin.
Department of Health Services Administration (MCCS-HFB)
AMEDD Center & School - 3151 Scott Road
Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234-6135
Phone: 1 210 221 6756 or 6345 |
Fax: 1 210 221 6051 or 8680