. . . Hadrian decided to found a colony to be called Colonia Aelia Capitolina on the site of Jerusalem, with a temple to Jupiter replacing the Jewish Temple with Titus had destroyed . . . . This sparked off another great Jewish revolt (132-5), led by Simon Bar-Kochba. Dio may exaggerate when he alleges that 50 fortresses and 985 villages were destroyed and over half a million men killed in battle, but the war was a serious one and the repression merciless (Dio lxix.14). Jews were thereafter 'strictly forbidden even to set foot on the land around Jerusalem. (Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History iv.6)

Colin Wells, The Roman Empire 225 (1984 Stanford Press paperback).