"Southeast England had submitted to Julius Caesar, and although the Romans had never exercised effective control, they could claim that it belonged to them. Britain also carried the glamour of being outside the known world . . . . Claudius and his advisers realised how necessary it was for him to acquire military prestige. Where better than Britain? . . . Claudius himself spent only 16 days in Britain and then 'hastened back to Rome, sending ahead the news of his victory' (Dio lx.22). The Senate voted him a triumph and an arch erected later in his reign recorded that it was 'because he received the surrender of eleven kings of Britain conquered without any loss and because he was the first to subject to the sovereignty of the Roman people barbarian tribes across the ocean' (ILS 216 = LR p. 113). . . . All had been stage-managed to give Claudius his triumph with a minimum of risk and effort on his part." Colin Wells, The Roman Empire 121 (1984 Stanford Press paperback).